Prehistory and Antique
The island of Ibiza preserves archaeological remains (Phoenician) because it was an enclave within the relevant commercial watercraft culture of this town. Both the route from east to west and vice versa, the island was conducive crossing point for sailors by the prevailing winds and currents of the Mediterranean Sea. Ane VIII is based on the first stable settlement in the area SW, the site of Sa Cove, which will take until the end of that century when it will be abandoned. Around the same time it begins to urbanize the city of Ibiza, in the same location as the current city, mainly due to its large port, much higher than the current situation and on a small hill about 100 on the level sea. Among the seventh century ane and the island is undetermined time within the orbit of the polis Cananeas Middle East until its conquest by the Assyrians and Qart Hadasht (Carthage) until after its destruction by the Romans year 146 BC.

The extended occupation of the island will grow its production and wealth of products to be appointed by the Roman historians for their wool, wines and salt. Proof of its economic boom are coin minting própias made on the island since the late S. IV ane with the symbol of the island, the god Bes, that is, the name "Ybshm" (Yboshim-island Bes)), syncretism of the god of fertility brotherly Egyptian. It is also an example of this boom the foundation in Majorca in a series of settlements in the economic area S. Also the Romans traded with the Balearic Islands holding certain assets such as salt, figs or mineral extraction. (Mines galena-argentifera and miniums in s'Argentera _ San Carlos) Ybshm (Yboshim?) Was the name given by the Phoenicians, and their transcription Ebusus to latíny together to Formentera is known as the Pitiusas islands, which is due the presence of people other than the Balearic Islands.

While in the islands largest tribes inhabiting less developed culturally and traditions barbaric in the eyes of the Hellenistic culture, Pitiusas people living tradition Semite, descendants of immigrants from Middle East, Qart Hadasht or polis Semites in the south of the Iberian Peninsula.The reason for putting this name to the islands could only be to not call them "islands of the Canaanites" it would determine the membership of this orbit, as pines, which tradition claims the name, there are as many or more in Mallorca and Menorca as Pitiusas.
Middle Ages
After occupations Vandal and Byzantine (ss.VI-VIII), the Balearic Islands, including Ibiza, fell in a period of anarchy.The Arabs took possession of their territories in 902 and founded the city that survives today as its capital, the old part of which is called Dalt Vila (Upper Town). James I of Aragon gave the reconquest of the islands Pitiusas Archbishop-elect Tarragona, Guillermo de Montgri, which was associated with the Count of Roussillon, Nunó Sanç, and the infant Pedro de Portugal for the effort. Christian troops occupied the castle of Ibiza on August 8, 1235. Ibiza was incorporated into the newly founded Kingdom of Majorca, in the Corona de Aragon. The indigenous population was then subjected Muslim and Christian brought new settlers.
Contemporary Age
The island is dominated from the outset of the Spanish Civil War (July 1936) by the military insurgency against the government of the Second Spanish Republic.
On August 8, 1936, Barcelona Column Alberto Bayo Giroud (known as Balearic Column) landed in Ibiza in the context of the military operation called Disembark de Mallorca and mastered in a few days with the help of the militia commanded by Manuel Uribarri, forming immediately called on the island of Ibiza-fascist Committee, under the responsibility of Antonio Martinez, of the Communist Party. These movements conducted a mass shooting of civilians Ibizans Catholics suspected of being Communists or not.
In early September, a delegation from the Committee antifascist Ibiza, formed amongst others by Fair Tur, Angel Palerm, Juan Morales, Medina and Ramon Garcia Rovira, a Barcelona seeks help to the predictable withdrawal of forces from Bayo de Mallorca and the precarious Ibiza situation before a future attack by the military elevations.
By day 9 and 10 come to the island of Ibiza in response to requests for support of the Anti-Fascist Committee in Ibiza from Barcelona, aboard ships City of Barcelona and Tarragona City of two groups of militiamen two hundred and three hundred men, integrating call Column Culture and Action. Despite the efforts of the Communists, on 19 September the rebels took the island, which will be maintained throughout the remainder of the war.
Ibiza has always maintained a reputation as a place of potential mystic, was a benchmark in the sixties and seventies to the hippie culture and for many travelers. He was visited by Pink Floyd, who dedicated a song to a famous bar on the island in the disk More.
During the end of the 60 and over the 70 island of Ibiza experienced a tourism boom that has given development beyond mere economic resources (fishing and agriculture) of the available so far.
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